Alligator Skin Belly Glazed Ocean 30/34 cm

€255.00
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LOAL10014-30
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Alligator Skin 

  • Scientific name is alligator mississippiensis
  • Common name is American alligator
  • CITES status: Appendix II
  • Alligator skin is native to Southeast USA
  • Alligator skin is both farmed and wild-caught by hunters for the meat. The skin is a byproduct.
  • The approximate average size and thickness of these alligator skins are:
    • 150 cm full length
    • 1,0 mm thickness
    • Head: 30 cm long x 25 cm wide at the center (widest point)
    • Belly:35 cm long  x 32 cm wide at the center (widest point) 
    • Tail: 65 cm long x 24 cm wide at the top of the tail (widest point) 
  • Grading as follows:
    • Grade 3: Some blemishes in the belly, ideal for footwear, wallets, electronics accessories and other small leather goods
    • Grade 5: Many defects in the belly, ideal for small footwear panels, card cases, holsters, sheaths and other small leather goods

 

Alligator skin is commonly used for handbags, footwear, watchbands, garments, belts, wallets and other small leather goods. The American alligator (alligator mississippiensis) is native to the Southeast US. These animals are both wild-caught and farmed, both systems being monitored by each State’s Fish and Wildlife authority. In both cases, the skins are a byproduct of the meat. The wild season typically runs August through November, varying a little state by state. For the farming system, egg collection typically occurs in the month of June. The eggs are collected, brought to the farms to incubate, hatch and be raised. In some states, a certain percentage of those animals are returned to the wild at a certain age. The number of animals returned to the wild is guided by wild population levels, as monitored by Fish and Wildlife. The farmed skins typically run smaller than the wild skins as the animals get expensive to house and feed as they get older and bigger. 

Alligators have been harvested for some two hundred years. Alligators were first harvested in Louisiana in great numbers in the early 1800's. These alligators were harvested for their skins which were used to make boots, shoes and saddles, and for their oil used to grease steam engines and cotton mills. The demand decreased when the leather made from the skins was thought not to be durable. In the mid 1800's the demand for alligator skins increased again. These skins were used to make shoes and saddles for the Confederate troops during the Civil War.

In the late 1800's and early 1900's, commercial tanning processes began in New York, New Jersey and Europe. Because this process made the alligator skins soft, durable and more pliable, the demand for alligator leather increased dramatically. By the mid 1900's Louisiana’s alligator population had been significantly reduced. In 1962 the alligator hunting season was closed statewide due to low numbers. The reduction in numbers was a result of non-regulated harvests. Detrimental harvest practices included overharvesting (today harvest quotas are set annually for each property currently hunted), non-selection of sexes which often resulted in overharvesting females (males currently comprise approximately 70% of adult alligators harvested) and no closed season, allowing hunting to coincide with nesting, which resulted in the harvest of future populations by harvesting females before they could release hatchlings from the nest or even begin nesting (current seasons are conducted in September after nesting). In 1967, the alligator was put on the endangered species list. By 1971, when the Crocodile Specialist Group began, all 23 species of crocodilian were endangered or threatened.

In an effort to restore the animal and the industry, researchers at Rockefeller Refuge in Louisiana developed a revolutionary program of alligator farming/ranching that removes eggs from the wild, incubates and hatches them, and then, two years later, returns between 14% and 17% of those hatchlings to the wild. Upon return, they are between three and six feet in length, healthy, and capable of defending themselves in the marsh. As a result, the percentage of returns (i.e. 14%) is greater than the survival rate for eggs left in the marsh. In 1972 the alligator season was opened only in Cameron Parish and lasted 13 days. Other parishes were gradually added until the season became statewide in 1981. Louisiana’s wild and farm alligator harvests currently exceed 300,000 animals annually, while the population level (based on aerial nest surveys) remains stable.

Due to the success of this "conservation through utilization" program, the alligator was removed from the endangered species list in 1987. This program also set an example that inspired similar sweeping changes in the crocodile locales across the globe. So much so that by 1996, one-third of all crocodile species were sufficiently abundant to support well-regulated annual harvests and one-third of the species were no longer in danger of extinction but are not harvested. No other group of vertebrate animals has undergone such a dramatic improvement in its conservation status.

We’re proud to be one of the few independent alligator skin tanneries in the world. Our commitment to properly tanning alligator skins which have been sustainably and ethically sourced is why our customers continue shopping with us. We follow best practices for tanning alligator skins while honoring the history of commercial alligator skin tanning to deliver the best alligator leather worldwide.

 Sources: IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group (CSG), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

 

Alligator Skin Characteristics

American alligator skin has medium to large belly scales, without the follicle markings of other types of crocodile skins. The lack of follicle markings and relatively low calcium content make for a smooth scale appearance. It has a larger flank section and narrower belly section than most other crocodile species. Tails are also wider than average for crocodile species of similar size.

PanAm Leathers grades alligator skin on the midsection only, including the belly and flank. The condition of the head and tail are not considered in the grading. The grades are defined as follows:

  • Grade 1: No defects in the belly

  • Grade 2: One cluster of defects on the outer edge of belly or flank 

  • Grade 3: One cluster of defects in the center belly

  • Grade 4: Clusters of defects in two different quadrants of the midsection

  • Grade 5: Worse than grade 4

Defects are most often scars, scratches, shading or scaling deformities. In some rare cases, defects may include holes and grain issues. Anything with holes or grain issues would be downgraded to a grade 4 at best. Skins that are grade 3 or better will not have holes or grain issues in the midsection.

Alligator skin sizes are measured in cm at the widest point of the belly, not including any hard bone. Below are the average dimensions of each section of the skin for each size category. All measurements are in cm, except for average thickness which is in mm.

Size Range

20/24 cm

25/29 cm

30/34 cm

35/39 cm

40/44 cm

45/49 cm

50/54 cm

55/59 cm

60/64 cm

Width of head

15

20

25

25

27

32

29

29

31

Length of head

15

20

30

25

30

35

34

34

39

Width of belly

22

27

32

37

42

47

52

57

62

Length of belly

19

30

35

35

36

36

39

42

45

Width of tail at top

17

20

24

27

29

33

37

41

44

Length of tail

43

50

65

70

85

90

94

98

108

Total length

88

100

150

155

168

178

180

182

197

Avg thickness (mm)

0.8

0.8

1

1.3

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.8

 

Common Uses for Alligator Skin

Alligator skin comes in a range of sizes and qualities which makes it a very versatile material in terms of product application. Below is a chart summarizing how alligator skin is typically used across the various sizes and grades. However, each project and customer has different preferences and requirements, so the below is meant as merely a guide: 

 

CM Size Range

Grade 2 or Better

Grade 3 or Better

Grade 5 or Better

20/24

Watchbands

Watchbands

Small leather goods, jewelry

25/29

Watchbands

Watchbands

Small leather goods, jewelry

30/34

Small handbags, footwear

Footwear, wallets, electronics accessories

Trim, small leather goods

35/39

Medium handbags, garments

Footwear, electronics accessories

Small leather goods, trim

40/44

Medium handbags, garments

Medium handbags, footwear

belts, small leather goods, trim

45/49

Large handbags, garments

Garments, footwear, upholstery, belts

Footwear, belts, small leather goods, trim

50/54

Large handbags, garments, upholstery

Garments, footwear, upholstery, belts

Footwear, belts, small leather goods, trim

55/59

Large handbags, garments, upholstery

Garments, footwear, upholstery, belts

Belts, Upholstery

60+

Luggage, upholstery

Luggage, upholstery

Belts, Upholstery



Sustainability and Ethics for the Alligator Skin Trade

The alligator scores a 7 out of 10 in the PanAm Leathers Sustainability and Ethics Rating System. In biodiversity and meat use, it scores perfectly. On ethics, it scores a 1 out of 2, because the scientifically-backed ethical standards for how these animals are treated are still being developed and implemented, but steady progress is being made. On conservation, it scores a 2 out of 4 because it is CITES Appendix II, meaning the specie is not as in danger but must be trade-controlled to prevent exploitation. It is commonly accepted among conservation biologists that the American alligator is abundant in wild population (at least three million animals), but remains on Appendix II because of its similar appearance to other crocodilian species that are more at risk.

 

Export/Import Information

  • Common name: American alligator

  • Scientific name: alligator mississippiensis

  • Country of origin: USA

  • Source: Wild. Even farm-raised American alligator skins are considered wild for Fish and Wildlife purposes, since they are not bred in captivity. The eggs are collected from the wild.

  • CITES status: Appendix II, which requires CITES to import/export.